General history of Africa, IV Africa from the twelfth to the sixteenth century
The result of years of work by scholars from all over the world, The UNESCO General History of Africa reflects how the different peoples of Africa view their civilizations and shows the historical relationships between the various parts of the continent. Historical connections with other continents demonstrate Africa’s contribution to the development of human civilization. Each volume is lavishly illustrated and contains a comprehensive bibliography. The period covered in Volume IV constitutes a crucial phase in the continent’s history, in which Africa developed its own culture and written records became more common. Major themes include the triumph of Islam; the extension of trading relations, cultural exchanges, and human contacts; and the development of kingdoms and empires.