Pan-Africanism A History
The first survey of the Pan-African movement for over 50 years, this book provides a history of the individuals and organisations that have sought the unity of all those of African origin as the basis for their advancement and liberation. Initially an idea and movement that took root in the African Diaspora, in more recent times Pan-Africanism has been embodied in the Organisation of African Unity and its successor the African Union, with some leading Pan-Africanists calling for a United States of Africa as the means to advance the interests of the African continent. Its continuing significance can be seen in the inclusion of the African Diaspora as the sixth region of the continents African Union and the fact that the Caribbean country of Haiti has sought admission as an associate member. Hakim Adi covers many of the key political figures of the 20th century, including Du Bois, Garvey, Malcolm X, Nkrumah and Gaddafi, as well as Pan-Africanisms expression via the writing of the Harlem Renaissance and Negritude to the wearing of the Afro hair style and the music of Bob Marley, Fela Kuti and Didier Awadi.